Vieques, West Indies Greater Antilles islands. Located 21 kilometers east of Puerto Rico. Island 33.8 km long, 5 km wide, an area of 132 square kilometers, is the second largest island of Puerto Rico. Vieques from Fajardo Harbor 11 kilometers offshore islands of Puerto Rico is the largest of the island, an area of about 207 square kilometers. Most of all parts of the island owned by the US Navy, the natural state of the whole island substantially unspoiled. Despite attempts to develop tourism here, but so far the island quiet. The undulating hills are just wandering in Mustang, a charming beach everywhere. Coastal area is a great place for snorkeling and diving. Vieques residents most of whom live in the main city of the city of Isabella II, where there is a ferry link with the inland. Another main living area is on the island Esperanza southern coast, where the coastal area there are many bars.
Vieques has a population of 08,000 (1980 statistics). Sixteenth century Spain who all, in 1854 the case of Puerto Rico; 1941 mostly occupied by the US Navy. Hilly terrain, an average elevation of 300 meters, the steep coast. Sugar cane, corn, sweet potatoes, tropical fruits, papaya; poultry and cattle. Gonda main town, located in the northern coast of small bay, there are sugar and milk and other small industrial system. Vieques belongs to Puerto Rico is located in the Eastern Caribbean, has been one of the American colonies. In July 1952 the United States became a “free association.” US Navy in February 1999, held military maneuvers on Vieques Island had launch 263 missiles with depleted uranium heads. It is reported that the incidence of cancer than the island residents on the island of Puerto Rico was up more than 1 times. Puerto Rico this ecological organization blamed the United States Navy on Vieques launch of depleted uranium. Puerto Rican authorities have said that the European Union will be required when investigating depleted uranium program will also harm Vieques included. Puerto Rico Governor Sila. Maria said she would welcome anyone who can identify the truth Vieques occurred efforts. But the US Navy denies Vieques residents health issues with the US Navy in the island’s military activities have any contact. Navy spokesman Gordon said there is no scientific conclusion that people due to depleted uranium and disease.
Vieques waters measuring Jamesport Caribbean island of 2,000-pound bombs. Hundreds of unexploded bombs become corrosion seabed waste, leakage of toxic substances, and hazardous marine life around. US Navy ammunition left, Vieques (Vieques) was a 60-year military training base. Scientists have discovered bombs and bomb fragments near the sea urchin and a variety of sea creatures contain
High levels of carcinogens, the number more than is considered safe to eat seafood business standard than 100,000 times. Navy responsible for Buick restoration project Christopher pointed out in recent years the US Navy has set aside about $ 350 million to clean up the residents or visitors may come into contact with unexploded ordnance areas. But these efforts so far only limited land and coastline. Vieques is just one of the many areas affected by abandoned shells all over the world. Since World War II, the common practice is to select a location away from the shore isolation disposal of ammunition. By 1982, the United Nations Law of the Sea treaty by prohibiting illegal dumping of surplus weapons in national public waters.
In the Puerto Rican island of Vieques as a bombing test-firing field after nearly 60 years, the US Navy May 1, 2003 formally withdrew the island. Local residents April 30, 2003 gleefully celebrated that day, the US Navy said in a statement that they had handed over the eastern end of Vieques, about 6,000 hectares of land to the United States Government Department of the Interior, and after a thorough clean-up Rear. This area will be built Wildlife base, under the Ministry of the Interior US Fish and Wildlife Management Authority, the Pentagon April 30 afternoon also issued a statement on its Web site, announced the transfer of the internal affairs of field tests Vieques section, and said the Navy will bear the costs of cleanup required. US Navy in the 1940s bought about two-thirds of Vieques land, and from 1947 began to hold military exercises and weapons testing there. For decades, the locals contradiction with the US on many occasions, many environmentalists from the United States and even arrested Therefore, the US government finally decided to withdraw from the island in 2003. April 30, 2003 the same day, many Vieques residents attended the celebration held in the island.
After leaving the Navy in the Caribbean island of Vieques, just six miles off the coast of Puerto Rico, the island was restored calm. There are dense forests and several kilometers of white sand beach.